Cannabis 101
Cannabinoids, Their Uses, Effects and Medical Benefits Explained

We have compiled a list of the most common cannabinoids found in cannabis, what they are, their attributes and medical benefits.

Delta-8-THC (Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol)

Delta-8-THC

Delta 8 THC, Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, is a less pyschoactive counterpart of THC. Delta 8 THC is one of the only cannabinoids that active binds with both CB1 and CB2 receptors within out bodies.


Formula


Other Names

Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol

Delta-9-THC (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)

Delta-9-THC

Delta 9 THC, or Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis. Delta 9 THC is not produced naturally within the plant but rather is a conversion of THCa that has been exposed to heat and UV light. There is often less than 0.5% Delta 9 THC in flowers at harvest time with a small percentage converting naturally during drying and curing (less than 5%).


Formula


Other Names

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol

THCa (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid)

THCa

THCa, Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, is at the top of the first major branch of CBGA derivativesis. THCa is the raw, or inactive, precursor of THC that is non-psychoactive until converted into Delta 9 THC through decarboxylation. THCa degrades into CBNa and CBN.


Formula


Other Names

Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid

THCva (Tetrahydrocannabivarin Acid)

THCva

THCVa, or Tetrahydrocannabivarin acid, is an inactive version of THCV that requires decarboxylation to become active. THCVa is belived to have similar effects to THCa.


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Other Names

Tetrahydrocannabivarin Acid

THCv (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)

THCv

THCV, or Tetrahydrocannabivarin, is a less psychoactive conterpart to THC with a shorter effect length. Strains high in THCV have shorter lived effects but may also help break the 'high ceiling' noticed by avid consumers.


Formula


Other Names

Tetrahydrocannabivarin

CBD (Cannabidiol)

CBD

CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive phytocannabinoid that has been shown to have many benefits for humans and animals. CBD is, after THC, one of the most widely studied of the cannabinoids. It is believed to possess numerous beneficial medicinal effects. It has been clinically evaluated in anxiety, psychosis, and movement disorders, and to relieve neuropathic pain in patients with multiple sclerosis (in combination with D9-THC as a 1:1 mixture, i.e. Sativex).


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Other Names

Cannabidiol

CBDa (Cannabidiolic Acid)

CBDa

CBDA, or Cannabidiolic acid, is at the top of the second major branch of CBGA derivatives and is thought to concentrate in the glandular hairs. It has been shown to exhibit anti-proliferative (antitumor) effects, among several other attributes.


Formula


Other Names

Cannabidiolic Acid

CBN (Cannabinol)

CBN

CBN, or Cannabinol, is a less psychoactive cannabinoid that comes from the degrading of Delta 9 THC. CBN is noted for its sedating effects and acts as an attenuator of THC.


Formula


Other Names

Cannabinol

CBNa (Cannabinolic Acid)

CBNa

CBNa, or Cannabinolic acid, is the inactive form of CBN and requires decarboxylation to become active.


Formula


Other Names

Cannabinolic Acid

CBC (Cannabichromene)

CBC

CBC, or Cannabichromene, is formed when CBCa is exposed to heat or UV light.


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Other Names

Cannabichromene

CBCa (Cannabichromenic Acid)

CBCa

CBCA, or Cannabichromenic Acid, sits at the top of the third major “daughter” branch of cannabinoids from CBGA. A recent patent claims that CBCA is produced primarily in the sessile trichomes of the plant (those without stalks).


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Other Names

Cannabichromenic Acid

CBG (Cannabigerol)

CBG


Formula


Other Names

Cannabigerol

CBGa (Cannabigerolic Acid)

CBGa

CBGA is the primary cannabinoid from which all others derive. The plant first makes CBGA and then converts it, sometimes in several sequential steps, into the others. There are three major branches: (1) THCA and derivatives, (2) CBDA and derivatives, and (3) CBCA and derivatives. At certain stages of development, significant amounts of CBGA are observed in plant samples, but typically there is less than 2% at harvest.


Formula


Other Names

Cannabigerolic Acid

CBL (Cannabicyclol)

CBL


Formula


Other Names

Cannabicyclol

CBLa (Cannabicyclolic Acid)

CBLa


Formula


Other Names

Cannabicyclolic Acid

11-Hydroxy-THC (11-Hydroxy-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)

11-Hydroxy-THC

11 Hydroxy Delta 9 THC is a highly psychoactive compound created during the digestion of Delta 9 THC. When Delta 9 THC passes through your digestive tract on its way to your bloodstream, it is converted into 11 Hydroxy Delta 9 THC which is approximately 4 times as potent and creates the notorious body high associated with cannabis infused products. 11 Hydroxy Delta 9 THC's effects last longer, in many cases over 12 hours depending upon the dosage ingested.


Formula


Other Names

11-Hydroxy-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol

CBDV (Cannabidivarin)

CBDV


Formula


Other Names

Cannabidivarin

CBDVa (Cannabidivarinic Acid)

CBDVa


Formula


Other Names

Cannabidivarinic Acid

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Disclaimer: Medical cannabis science is in a continually evolving state. To ensure Ibudtender.com has the most up-to-date information available, we constantly update our site to reflect the latest information. The information provided is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, mitigate or prevent any diseases. All information available has not evaluated by the FDA and any claims by any product companies are not endorsed by Ibudtender.com or any of its subsidiaries. Do not use this material to diagnose or treat a health condition or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare provider.



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