Cannabis has long history of being used as a medicine.
Cannabis flowers can be consumed using a variety of smoking methods such as a joint, pipe, blunt or waterpipe. A pipe is a small, typically unfiltered device that faciliates smoking and can be made out of many things from glass to apples. A joint is a small amount of ground up cannabis (usually 1/2 - 1 gram) rolled like an unfiltered cigarette. A blunt is often a slightly larger amount of ground up cannabis (usually 1-2 grams) flowers rolled inside of a tobacco leaf or wrap. A waterpipe can be considered any water filtered smoking device such as a bubbler and even a bong, although a bong is typically denoted by its inclusion of a detachable bowl. Since the devices are larger, filtered and require more effort to use, hits are typically much larger, cleaner and easier to inhale.
Vaporizing is the recommended method of consumption as it has been shown to be better for your body than smoking flowers directly and can also increase the amount of terpenes and cannabinoids your body absorbs while avoiding much of the potentially harmful chemicals associated with smoking. Flower vaporizers come in many forms from handheld pen-like devices to table-top vapor units. There are even attachements so you can use a vaporizer with your existing devices such as bongs. With a vaporizer, you can often control the temperature of the device. Lower temperatures will produce less visible vapor or smoke but more flavor while higher temperatures will produce more vapor and even smoke if hot enough. As with many thing related to cannabis, preference is subjective.
Each strain type has subtle to major differences in effects from other strains. These are subspecies of the cannabis plant. Each subspecies can express their genetics with subtle variations as well which we call phenotypes. For example, OG Kush is typically known for its sativa dominant effects, but there are variations of the strain which are much more sativa (energetic) or indica dominant (sedating). The strains cannabinoid and terpene structure are what determine if the strain will be energetic, sleepy, creative or uplifting.
Flowers can be grown in any place where the environment provides the right conditions. There is much debate as to which method provides the best results. Indoor-grown flowers are typically more sought after and as a results, much more expensive. Outdoor, or sungrown flowers, are grown under the sun and are exposed to a variety of potentially contaminating factors such as bugs, weather and termperature. Greenhouse, or Light Dep grown flowers, are flowers that have been grown in a closed off outdoor environment that oftern uses the natural sun and supplemental lighting to achieve optimal conditions for growing. Since it is a mix of indoor and outdoor methodology, it is often more expensive than outdoor, but cheaper than indoor. As for which is better, that is subjective and many factors can influence your preferences from cleanliness to potency.
Flowers should be tested by a licensed medical cannabis lab for potency, pesticides, microbiology, heavy metals and terpenes for safety and reliability. Not all states have regulations requiring dispensaries to test their flowers and products for safety. A properly tested product will have the current Certificate of Analysis results prominently displayed with a minimum of potency, pesticides and microbiology being tested for safety. Beware of products claiming to be certified by a lab without any accompanying results and batch id. Medical patients with weakened or compromised immune systems are especially recommended to ensure their products are safe to consume.
Predicting a dose from a flower can be difficult. A single hit can yield between 2 and 20 mgs of cannabinoids depending on which method you are partaking in. Typically a small hit or inhale from a pipe or joint will yield minimal effects but for new users this often can be enough. For more precise dosing, you would need access to the lab test results and an accurate scale. A strain with 24.5% THC will have 245mgs of THC in one gram or 1000 mgs. If you pull off a piece weighing .105g, simply take the total possible amount of thc(245mgs) and multiply it by the weight of what you will smoke(0.105g) to get 25.725mgs. If that amount takes you about 5 hits to finish, then it would yield about 5mg per hit. If it takes 3 hits, it would be 8.575mgs per hit.
24.5% per gram
24.5 x 10 = 245mg per gram
245mg x 1.05mg = 25.725
Smoking or vaporing has nearly instant effects. You do not, and should not, hold your hits in, especially if you are smoking. Smoke is filled with toxins and even some carcinogens, so expelling them as quickly as possible is best. Cannabinoids are absorbed from the smoke or vapor within milliseconds so by the time you have inhaled fully, all that can be absorbed, laready has. A deep breath following an inhale is the recommended method of inhaling as it allows the smoke to permeate the farthest reaches of your lungs giving you the greatest amount of absorbtion possible.
You can smoke more, not less.
Smoking untested flowers means you are more than likely smoking pesticides and possibly mold or mildew.
Always visually inspect your cannabis for foregin materials and visible microbiology.
New users should start with a small hit and wait several minutes before consuming more.
This is subjective. Outdoor grown plants can achive higher cannabinoid and terpene percentages than indoors dues to the suns direct rays when fed the same nutrient cycles.
Unless a strain is an indica or sativa landrace or heirloom strain, they will have DNA from both subspecies, Cannabis Sativa L. and Cannaabis Indica, thus a hybrid.
Flowers will be at a minimum, subtly different everytime you smoke a different batch form a different harvest. While a grower may use the same formula of nutrients, internal conditions, root structure and even gases in the air can cause minor to major differences in terpene and cannabinoid amounts