Introduction to cannabis: The Basics


  • by Chris DC
  • November 20, 2018
  • Comments


Cannabis is a genus of flowering plant within the family Cannabaceae. Cannabis can contain up to 483 known compounds including over 113 known cannabinoids. Our bodies produce cannabinoids endogeously, or internally, called endocannabinoids. These endocannabinoids help to promote general homeostasis. Cannabinoids work by binding directly to cannabinoid receptors within our bodies, the same types of receptors endocannabinoids bind with. At present, there are five recognized cannabinoids produced endogenously throughout the body: Arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide), 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), 2-arachidonyl glyceryl ether (noladin ether), virodhamine, N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA). At least 113 different cannabinoids have been isolated from the Cannabis plant which are also known as phytocannabinoids.

 

Introduction to cannabis

 

Sativa vs Indica vs Ruderalis

 

There are at least 2 species within Cannabaceae, Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa L. with another possible species Cannabis ruderalis under dispute.  Cannabis indica, is indicative of its short, bushy stature and sedating, narcotic-like highs. Cannabis Indica is typically native to the Hindu Kush Mountains in India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.  Cannabis sativa L., indicative of its tall, lanky structure and invigorating, cerebral highs. Cannabis Sativa L. is native to the Central Asia north of the Himalayas but can be found nearly all over the world, except Antartica.  Cannabis ruderalis, has more in common with Cannabis sativa L. than Cannabis Indica with a tall, lanky structure. What sets it apart is its ability to autoflower which helps in regions where sunlight can last for most of the day and night. Cannabis Ruderalis is native to the Central and Eastern Europe as well as Russia.

 

 

Endocannabinoid System

 

The Endocannabinoid System: Why cannabis gets you high.

 

The Endocannabinoid System is a group of special receptor within our bodies. Cannabis creates feelings of psychoactivity and euphoria because of the abundance of CB1 receptors mostly located in our brains. Other cannabinoids like Cannabidiol, or CBD, bind with the CB2 receptor. Cannabinoids and the CB1 and CB2 Receptors There are 2 major cannabinoid receptors in our bodies, the CB1 and CB2. Pyschoactive cannabinoids like Delta 9 Tetrahydrocananbinol, or ?9 THC, bind with the CB1 receptor and regulate mood and motivation. Other cannabinoids like Cannabidiol, or CBD, bind with the CB2 receptor which are more abundant.

 

 

Cannabinoids and the CB1 and CB2 Receptors

 

There are 2 major cannabinoid receptors in our bodies, the CB1 and CB2. Pyschoactive cannabinoids like Delta 9 Tetrahydrocananbinol, or ?9 THC, bind with the CB1 receptor and regulate mood and motivation. Other cannabinoids like Cannabidiol, or CBD, bind with the CB2 receptor which are more abundant throughout the immune system and related organs, such as the tissues of the spleen, tonsils, and thymus gland. They are also common in the brain, although they do not appear as densely as CB1 sites and are found on different types of cells.



About the author

Just an advocate who hopes to help make this wonderful industry cleaner, safer and more understandable for patients who need it.

Tags: Indica Sativa Ruderalis Cannabis Sativa L Cannabis Indica Cannabinoids Terpenes

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Disclaimer: Medical cannabis science is in a continually evolving state. To ensure Ibudtender.com has the most up-to-date information available, we constantly update our site to reflect the latest information. The information provided is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, mitigate or prevent any diseases. All information available has not evaluated by the FDA and any claims by any product companies are not endorsed by Ibudtender.com or any of its subsidiaries. Do not use this material to diagnose or treat a health condition or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare provider.



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